By Paul A. Lombardo
In 1907, Indiana handed the world's first involuntary sterilization legislations in accordance with the speculation of eugenics. In time, greater than 30 states and a dozen international nations swimsuit. even if the Indiana statute used to be later declared unconstitutional, different legislation proscribing immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds have been nonetheless in influence within the U.S. as past due because the Seventies. A Century of Eugenics in the US assesses the heritage of eugenics within the usa and its prestige within the age of the Human Genome venture. The essays discover the early help of obligatory sterilization via medical professionals and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the criminal and social demanding situations to sterilization; and the customers for a eugenics circulate basing its claims on smooth genetic technological know-how.
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Extra resources for A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era (Bioethics and the Humanities)
Buck v. S. 200 (1927); Paul A. Lombardo, Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the Supreme Court, and Buck v. Bell (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). â•‡Daniel J. Kevles, In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985), 61–63. â•‡ Wendy Kline, Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001), 98–99, 107; New York Times, June 21, 1932.
Sharp as a somewhat demented and idiosyncratic physician. â•‡ The surgical procedures for women were salpingectomy and salpingotomy, involving partial excision or removal of the fallopian tubes and subsequent ligation. â•‡ E. M. Leonard, The Early History of English Poor Laws (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1900). â•‡ Philip R. Reilly, The Surgical Solution: A History of Involuntary Sterilization in the United States (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991). â•‡ Oscar C. McCulloch, “The Tribe of Ishmael: A Study in Social Degradation,” in Proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Correction, Held at Buffalo, July 1888 (Indianapolis: Charity Organization Society, Plymouth Church Building, 1888).
Ultimately, civilization and human rights were far less imperiled by “the unfit” than by the authoritarian solutions promoted by those who saw in eugenics an anodyne for the problems of modern living. While no one is born with an inerrant Promethean foresight, it is not beyond our capacity to listen to critics, to open legal proposals to vigorÂ�ous debate, and to go slowly as we adopt scientific approaches to social and moral problems. 21 Better to err on the side of caution and human dignity than to stumble blithely into the path of tragedy and inhumanity.