By Noam Lazebnik
Imaging of the fetus is the most typical ultrasound learn played. whereas so much reviews show little greater than a fit fetus, the facility to spot anomalies concerning the advance of the fetal mind and musculoskeletal procedure is important. integrated during this factor are articles at the use of ultrasound to diagnose cystic mind plenty, neural migration anomalies, and abnormalities of the skull, backbone, thorax, and higher and reduce extremities. the power to notice those difficulties early could have a good effect at the process the being pregnant, in the course of supply, and postpartum.
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Additional resources for Advanced Obstetrical Ultrasound: Fetal Brain, Spine, and Limb Abnormalities, An Issue of Ultrasound Clinics
Therefore, the prerequisite for a good 3D US image is to generate good-quality 2D US image. 4. Fetal motion is a major limitation causing artifacts that may preclude the acquisition of a good 3D US volume making it necessary to obtain additional volumes. This usually is overcome by decreasing the acquisition time of the volume using the low- or medium-quality sweep and by obtaining the volume in a time period with no fetal or maternal movements. The authors frequently instruct patients to hold their breath at the time of volume acquisition to limit any possible movement.
Platt LD, Santuli T Jr, Carlson DE, et al. Three-dimensional ultrasonography in obstetrics and gynecology: preliminary experience. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998;178:1199–206. 6. Nelson TR, Pretorius DH. Visualization of the fetal thoracic skeleton with three-dimensional sonography: a preliminary report. Am J Roentgenol 1995; 164:1485–8. 7. Riccabona M, Johnson D, Pretorius DH, et al. Three dimensional ultrasound: display modalities in the fetal spine and thorax. Eur J Radiol 1996;22:141–5. 8. Johnson DD, Pretorius DH, Riccabona M, et al.
Three-dimensional ultrasonography in prenatal diagnosis. J Perinat Med 1995;23(3):213–22. 4. Steiner H, Spitzer D, Weiss-Wichert PH, et al. Threedimensional ultrasound in prenatal diagnosis of skeletal dysplasia. Prenat Diagn 1995;15:373–7. 3D Image of Fetal Spine 5. Platt LD, Santuli T Jr, Carlson DE, et al. Three-dimensional ultrasonography in obstetrics and gynecology: preliminary experience. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998;178:1199–206. 6. Nelson TR, Pretorius DH. Visualization of the fetal thoracic skeleton with three-dimensional sonography: a preliminary report.