By Lewis P. & Spiker, Charles C. Lipsitt
This quantity, one in a sequence, offers with the constitution of developmental idea, recursive platforms, kid's iconic realism, the function of cognition in knowing gender results, the advance of processing pace in youth and early life and extra.
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Additional resources for Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 2
This has been called acquired equivalence of cues, or secondary generalization. ‘Predictions of reduced generalization in the three-stage designs cannot be made in terms of simple summation of associative tendencies established to the separate components of the stimulus complexes. These predictions can be made, however, under either of the following assumptions: ( 1 ) component associative tendencies are summated according to a principle such as the hypothesis of stimulus interaction described by Spiker (1963b) ; or ( 2 ) a single associative tendency is built up to the stimulus complex taken as a whole, and the similarity of stimulus complexes is decreased by the addition of distinctive elements.
The effective stimuli are no longer the two highly similar faces (S, and S,)' but rather the straight hair (g1) and the latter being relatively discriminable stimuli. The observing wavy hair (51t), response also produces its own cue (so), which may or may not be differential for the two external stimuli. In the above example, the observing response and its cue are considered to be the same for both faces. Similarly, if the two stimuli were geometric figures differing only in color, the self-instruction to pay attention to color would be the common observing response for both stimuli.
B. PARADIGMS 1A A N D 3 A COMBINED The experiments to be described in this section and in the subsequent section each combined two types of pretraining previously diagrammed in Table I. Since these experiments were not concerned with varying stimulus similarity, the same degree of similarity was used for both types of pretraining in each experiment. Cantor ferent nonsense syllable during pretraining and a different button during the motor task. All subjects were given two experimental sessions 5 days apart, each session consisting of a pretraining task followed by a motor criterion task.