Advances in Flow Research by Stefan Engeser

By Stefan Engeser

The thought of movement used to be first defined by way of Csikszentmihalyi (1975), defined as an “optimal experience,” he famous that artists have been fullyyt stuck up of their tasks, operating feverishly to complete them after which lose all curiosity of their paintings after finishing touch. the inducement lies within the act of creativity itself. the individual feels optimally challenged whereas absolutely immersed within the job. on the center of stream study is the motivational point of this event. movement motivates humans to hold out convinced actions again and again, looking a problem within the act and looking out to enhance their abilities and skills. during this publication, this motivational element can be imbedded in and on the topic of different theories of (intrinsic) motivation and empirical paintings on move and function. The publication offers a evaluate of the present move study, with a spotlight on rigorous research on method. the writer takes the time to provide methodological points in move learn to qualify empirical paintings. furthermore, this quantity offers neuropsychological concerns and empirical correlates of circulation reports. The paintings additionally describes a number of theoretical integrations of the several paths being taken in the box of move examine. It provides what has been realized because the starting of movement study, what's nonetheless open, and the way the venture to appreciate and foster stream event learn may still continue.

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Capturing Flow in Special Endeavors Description of the Measurement Method The interviews that Csikszentmihalyi (1975/2000) conducted with participants from a wide range of occupations produced a wealth of textual descriptions of the flow experience in various domains of human endeavor. Some of the most insightful and clear descriptions of flow were then selected and condensed to create the first measurement method for flow, the flow questionnaire (FQ; Csikszentmihalyi and Csikszentmihalyi 1988b). The FQ proposes definitions of flow and asks respondents to recognize them, describe the situations and activities in which they experi- 2 On the Measurement and Conceptualization of Flow 25 ence flow, and rate their subjective experience when they are engaged in flow-conducive activities.

Here, only 12% of the actions were experienced as aversive and 61% as positive (the rest being neutral in this respect). This shows that we predominantly enjoy things we are doing, and the hedonistic principle leads to the expectation that we will actively seek such activities and avoid things we do not enjoy. This cannot be ignored when attempting to understand human striving. Well-Being and Creativity Csikszentmihalyi (1975) explored the implications relating to “big questions” of human happiness, well-being, and creativity.

5. , ratings on the activity quoted in section 4, work or study, or spending time with the family). For each item, please tell us how you feel doing each of these activities. B. Moneta Fig. 1 The first model of the flow state (Adapted from Csikszentmihalyi 1975/2000) The First Model of the Flow State The FQ is a way to approach the empirical study of flow as represented by the first graphic model of the flow state (Csikszentmihalyi 1975/2000, p. 17), which is reproduced with some additions in Fig. 1.

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