Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013 by Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei

By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei

This ebook makes a speciality of China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to turn into registered urban citizens in city components is still stagnant regardless of its significance to the chinese language executive and the life of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or perhaps no expenses, and so much farmers, whose households have trusted the land to make a dwelling for generations, don't take advantage of raises in land worth. Breaking down the confirmed distributive procedure of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislation enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday throughout the present trend of pursuits and recognize the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.

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Such a culture in which urban and rural areas are isolated from each other has impede citizenization of rural migrant workers in two ways: First, rural migrant workers are unable to adapt to urban life and feel alienated from their host cities. Rural migrant workers were born and grew up in the countryside and have formed lifestyles and values unique to farmers. As a result of such a 24 J. Pan long-standing, profound cultural influence, farmers are typically unable to adapt to urban life after they move into cities.

The registers of the hukous of their households); and the contacted schools may submit applications to the competent education committees for assistance where it is difficult for them to receive these children. 5 22 J. Pan The Existing Land System The land system is also a major institutional obstacle to the citizenization of rural migrant workers. First, the current compensation for land expropriation is too low to cover the costs of citizenization. Moreover, a high selling price of the expropriated land result in an increase in the housing price, which in turn adds to the housing cost of rural migrant workers.

For the long term (through 2030), the Chinese government should establish a mechanism for synchronizing citizenization with urbanization, while facilitating the formation of a single national social security system and a fair basic public service system, thereby integrating the social security systems across China and covering the entire permanent population with basic public services. All these efforts are intended to ensure that rural migrant workers will fully integrate into the host cities in political, economic, social and cultural respects, gain a desirable share of fruits from the reform and development of China, and equally participate in democracy.

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